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How to Crochet a Classic Granny Square

August 11, 2022 /

In this crochet pattern and tutorial, we will be showing you how to crochet a classic granny square with the turning method. This winning technique prevents the square from twisting while helping it to maintain its shape.  You will end up with a cleaner and neater-looking square.

how to crochet granny square

Crocheting a square isn’t as difficult as it seems. This basic granny square pattern is the perfect beginner-level project that is suitable for new crocheters. You can learn multiple basic stitches simultaneously while creating beautiful projects in an interesting manner. The simple squares are a versatile pattern that can be used in many different ways; bags, afghan blankets, pillow covers, table runners, sweaters, you name it! Read until the end to find some easy granny square patterns.

We’ve touched base with a variation of the granny square pattern before, so check out that blog post if you’re ready to dive right into crocheting a square. Otherwise, let’s learn some basics!

SUPPLIES

Yarn

While it’s not wrong to say that you can crochet a square with any yarn, certain yarns are more suitable and easier for beginners. That said, it’s best to go for DK (#3) or worsted weight yarn (#4).  You can opt for different fibers based on the desired outcome of your project and the usage of your classic crochet granny. A square motif requires very little yarn, depending on what you’re trying to build. And since they can be made in multiple colors, they’re a great way to use scrap yarns. Remember to use the same yarn weight throughout the project for the best results.

Hook

The crochet hook size is based on the yarn weight. In this case, the most common hook size for a crochet square is size H or 5mm. This is also the best hook size for beginners. You may want to get a soft grip handle made of elastomer rubber, allowing you to experience comfortable and stress-free crochet. Check the yarn label for the recommended hook size if you use a different yarn weight. 

SIZE OF A CROCHET SQUARE

You may wonder, what is the right size for a crochet granny square? The truth is, there is no standard size for a square pattern. It depends on the yarn weight, hook size, gauge tension, and how many rounds are created. They can go as little as two rounds or as much as you’ve reached the desired size for your crochet project. A traditional granny typically consists of three to four rounds. Using a worsted weight yarn and a 5mm crochet hook, you’d be able to build a 3”-5” square. 

classic granny square pattern

METHOD OF CONSTRUCTION

While there are many variations on how to make a granny square, this classic crochet motif is always worked from the center and expanded into rounds. Each round consists of granny clusters (multiple stitches made in the same stitch or chain space) and chain stitches. The basic stitches include the chain stitch (ch), slip stitch (sl st), and double crochet stitch (dc). Below are three common ways how you can start a basic granny square:

Three Ways to Begin a Square Pattern

  1. Magic Circle / Magic Ring

You will be creating your chain stitches in your magic ring. This method ensures that the hole in the middle is closed entirely, leaving no gaps.

  1. First Round into Single Chain

This method requires you to work your first dc cluster directly into the first chain stitch.

  1. Chain Stitch Ring

This is the method we will be using below. After making the first few chains, slip stitch into the first chain stitch to form a ring. Then, proceed with round 1 of the square crochet pattern. 

How to Keep the Squares in Shape

One thing with granny squares is that the more rounds you add, the more curled up the corners appear and crooked your square becomes. It happens when you work in only one direction, which is unpleasant. By using the turning method, both the “right side” and “wrong side” of the crochet piece will look identical. This means you can use either side of the square as the stitches look equally clear and defined.

Another way to keep your crochet squares straight is by blocking them. You can purchase a blocking board and pins specifically for blocking squares. However, it’s also possible to DIY them with a foam mat, cardboard, or wood plaques and pushpins or chopsticks! Since the turning method allows us to keep our squares straight, blocking is unnecessary.

Crochet Granny Square Pattern

Note: All our patterns are based on the US terminologies.

how to crochet granny square
how to crochet granny square

Foundation Chain/Ring: 

  1. Make a slip knot on your crochet hook. Chain 3. 
  2. Slip stitch to the first chain to form a ring
how to crochet granny square
how to crochet granny square
how to crochet granny square

Round 1:

  1. Chain 3; this counts as the first dc for the first cluster. 
  2. Work 2dc into the ring; you’ll now see 3dcs next to each other, which is referred to as a cluster. Chain 2.
  3. Create the second dc cluster by working 3dcs into the ring. Chain 2. 
  4. Repeat step #3 two more times; you should see four sets of granny clusters with a chain 2 space in between.
  5. Slst to finish the round by inserting your hook into the top of the first chain 3. Turn your square. Et voila, you’ve completed the first round of the square pattern!

Before starting the following rounds, you may introduce a new yarn color or keep going with the same ball of yarn.

how to crochet granny square
how to crochet granny square

Round 2:

  1. Chain 3. Similarly, this is the first dc for the granny cluster;
  2. In the first corner space (ch2sp), work 2dc, ch2, 3dc. Chain 1;
  3. In the second ch2sp, work 3dc, ch2, 3dc. Chain 1;
  4. Repeat step #3 twice until you’ve reached the end of the round;
  5. Slst into the top of the first chain 3 to close off the second round. Turn your square.
how to crochet granny square
how to crochet granny square

Round 3: 

  1. Chain 3;
  2. In the first ch sp, work 2dc. Chain 1;
  3. In the first corner (ch2sp), work 3dc, ch2, 3dc. Chain 1;
  4. In the next chain space (ch sp), work 3dc. Chain 1;
  5. Repeat steps #3 & #4 two more times;
  6. In the last ch2sp, work 3dc, ch2, 3dc. Chain 1;
  7. Slst into the top of the first chain 3. Turn your square.
how to crochet granny square

Round 4:

  1. Chain 3;
  2. In the first chain space, make 2dc. Chain 1;
  3. In the next corner ch2sp, work 3dc, ch2, 3dc. Chain 1;
  4. In the next chain space, create 3dc. Chain 1;
  5. In the second chain space, create 3dc. Chain 1;
  6. Repeat steps #3-#5 two more times;
  7. In the last corner ch2sp, work 3dc, ch2, 3dc. Chain 1;
  8. In the last chain space, work 3dc. Chain 1;
  9. Slst into the top of the first chain 3 to fasten off the final round.
how to crochet granny square

At this point, you can either cut off your working yarn or keep going to create a larger square. If you wish to continue, you’ll need to remember these three steps: Chain 3 at the beginning of each round, work 3dc, ch2, 3dc, ch1 into each corner (ch2sp), and 3dc, ch1 into each chain space.

If you’re a visual learner or prefer Japanese crochet patterns, use the crochet chart below to help you understand the written pattern.

classic granny square crochet chart

COLORFUL GRANNY SQUARE

Here’s what the colorful granny looks like if you’re keen to try the technique. There are 2 ways to do the color change:

Option 1: Follow the crochet pattern and perform the yarn change on the last draw of the yarn before the new color begins. Continue to crochet as per the crochet instruction.

Option 2: Fasten off the old color after completing the round. Begin the new color at the ch2sp corner of the granny square. Here is the written instruction: With the new color, make a slip knot, then chain 3 in the corner (ch2sp) of the previous round.

how to crochet color granny square

For this design, you can opt not to use the turning method. Continue working on the right side of your work for the following rounds.

how to crochet colorful granny square

Additional FAQ:

* HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO MAKE ONE CROCHET SQUARE?

The amount of time required depends on the type of square pattern, the desired size of the square, and how well-versed you are with crocheting. A single crochet square generally takes 15-30 minutes to complete. A more complex square pattern will take longer. 

* HOW TO JOIN GRANNY SQUARES

A granny square crochet pattern can be used as a standalone square motif or to create larger items like a crochet blanket. This can be accomplished by working in continuous rounds or making as many individual squares as you need and then joining them. And, just like the many square variations, there is more than one way to stitch them together. 

The joining method you choose will affect the outcome of your square pattern in the most interesting way. There are seamless, textured, and decorative joins; you name it! Head to our 12 ways to join granny squares blog post for a more inclusive guide.

* OTHER GRANNY SQUARE VARIATIONS

There are more square variations that one could think of, but the most common ones are classic square, sunburst granny square, solid granny square, crochet heart granny square, granny hexagon, and circle grannies. Let’s dive deeper into those variations in our granny square patterns post. 

* WAYS TO USE GRANNY SQUARE

Granny squares are a fun and creative introduction to crochet. You can make the motifs without a goal in mind and end up with beautiful and valuable items. For example, single grannies can be used as a coaster, or a pot holder, 13 squares for a bag, 38 squares for a sweater, and 60 squares can be turned into a blanket. You get the gist…

Whatever your objective is, as long as you know how to crochet a granny square and how to join them, the possibilities are endless! Check out some of the most common projects you can make with granny squares.

WHAT’S NEXT:

  • Start crocheting and share your completed handmade on Facebook and/or Instagram. Remember to tag us, @craftpassion, so that we are able to see them.
  • Pin it to Pinterest for future To-Crochet List
  • Share with your crochet groups for a crochet-along event.
  • Browse more free crochet patterns to make.

Classic Granny Square Patterns

Home Decor

BAGS / POUCHES

WEARABLES

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